Once diagnosed, coronary artery disease (CAD) can be difficult to reverse. Everyone should take preventive measures early to promote heart health. A few routine screenings can give your healthcare provider vital health markers, including:
- Blood pressure: The American Heart Association recommends blood pressure in adults should be less than 120/80 mm Hg*. About one in three U.S. adults has high blood pressure or sustained readings of 140/90 mm Hg or above.
- Cholesterol: Your total cholesterol score is calculated by adding your HDL (good cholesterol), LDL (bad cholesterol), and 20% of your triglyceride level (the most common type of fat in the body, which varies with age and sex). A total cholesterol score of less than 200 mg/dL is considered desirable*.
- Blood sugar (glucose): The amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood changes throughout the day and night. Your levels will change depending upon when, what, and how much you have eaten and whether you have exercised. A normal fasting (no food for eight hours) blood sugar level is between 70 and 99 mg/dL*.
Perhaps the simplest preventive measure you can take against CAD is to maintain a healthy body weight by eating a nutritious diet combined with regular exercise. Be your best (heart-healthy) self and Spread the Word.
* According to the National Institutes of Health.